Starting position: Standing straight, place the front part of your feet on a step. Ideally the foot should be extended at the start position for a full range of motion; both the heel and arch hanging beyond the edge of the step. Your entire body should be aligned at the major joints, maintaining a neutral position.
Action: Let your heels descend vertically towards the ground. When full extension is reached at the bottom, push down into the step, elevating your body back up.
The exercise can be done with both feet at the same time or alternating sets between each foot
Loading of the exercises can be done using various methods: barbell, dumbbells, kettlebells, and Smith machine
Seated calf raises and machine calf raises are also alternative methods